Title I

What is Title I?

Title I, formerly known as Chapter 1, is part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and is the foundation of the federal commitment to closing the achievement gap between low-income and other students. Nearly 14,000 of the 15,000 school districts in the nation conduct Title I programs. The original purpose of Title I was additional resources to states and localities for remedial education for children in poverty. The 1994 reauthorization of Title I shifted the program's emphasis from remedial education to helping all disadvantaged children reach rigorous state academic standards expected of all children. Title I funds can be used for instructional activities, counseling, parental involvement, and program improvement. In return, school districts and states must meet accountability requirements for raising student performance.

How does my state and school district receive Title I dollars?

  • Title I funds flow to states and school districts on a formula basis.
  • The formula takes into account the number of low-income children and the statewide average per pupil expenditures.
  • Resources within the state are targeted to the districts and schools with the greatest need.

What services does Title I provide?

Title I funds generally are used to improve academic achievement in reading and math, but the resources can be used to help students improve their achievement in all of the core academic subjects. Title I funds are flexible, and can be used to:

  • Provide professional development for teachers.
  • Hire additional teachers and classroom aides.
  • Improve curriculum.
  • Enhance parent involvement.
  • Extend learning time for students who need extra help.
  • Provide other activities that are tied to raising student achievement.

What does the term "Title I schoolwide program" mean?

A school that receives Title I dollars and that has a student enrollment in which more than half of the students are low-income is eligible to operate a "schoolwide program." A schoolwide program requires a plan to improve academic achievement of all students in the school using Title I dollars on all of the students.

What is the Hudson City School District’s allocation and how is it spent?

For the 2017-18 school year, the Hudson City School District received $589,221. It mainly supports:

  • The salaries of six of the district’s Reading Specialists.
  • The Expanded Learning Time programs for grades K-8.
  • Summer Academies that help ease the transition between buildings and grades.
  • Teachers’ participation in Summer Institute, a week of professional development after school ends for the year.

One percent of the allocation must be set aside to be used toward parent involvement, aimed at increasing the parent participation in their child’s education. These funds support:

  • Orientations for transitional grade students.
  • Nighttime events such as Meet the Teacher Night.
  • Communication systems, such as automated calls and texts, Living Tree, mailings to student homes.